UVM Apple Orchard
The UVM Apple Program:
Extension and Research for the commercial tree apple grower in Vermont and beyond...
Pest Management Considerations in Vermont Apple Orchards
Terence Bradshaw, University of Vermont Apple Team Research Specialist
Disease and Insect Management -- Using an IPM approach
IPM stands for integrated pest management which is an approach to managing pests (i.e., insects, mites, disease-causing organisms, mice, etc.) which combines biological, cultural, physical, and chemical tools in a way that minimizes economic, health, and environmental risks.
It is a significant challenge to
produce a high quality apple crop while minimizing spraying. A high level of
knowledge of the crop, the various pests, the beneficial organisms, and how they
interact and affect each other within the apple ecosystem is required.
Information about the various insects and diseases which you will have to manage can be found on the Vermont Apple IPM Focus website: http://orchard.uvm.edu/uvmapple/pest/index.html.
A synopsis of key arthropod and diseases affecting apples can be found at: http://orchard.uvm.edu/uvmapple/pest/BacktoBasics/index.htm.
An IPM Checklist of management
items for consideration during the year is at:
Useful Links to Articles on Orchard Pest Management:
Apple Scab: Improving Understanding for Better Management. (large pdf file)
Fruit Crop Ecology (large pdf file)
OMRI Products List - a Directory of OMRI Listed® Products Check the most recent lists for allowable products if maintaining organic certification
Susceptibility of Selected Apple Cultivars to Rusts (Plant Management Network)
Susceptibility of Selected Apple Cultivars to Powdery Mildew (Plant Management Network)
An Organic Apple Production System For New York (2003 NYS IPM report)
"Surround" for Organic Plum curculio Control (2004 CCE bulletin)
Evaluation of Organic Pest Controls and Thinning on Multiple Apple Cultivars (2006 NYS IPM report)
Evaluation of Pest Management Tactics for Organic Apple Production (2000, 54 kb pdf)